December 16, 2018

4.3.1 Types of Teams

Functional Team

This type of teamwork is the model on which mass production and assembly lines were built. Teams that are organised around the functions of the business work well with this structure. With a functional team, the results produced by the team are the sum of the results produced by each individual team member.   With this team, the players play on a team, but they do not play as a team. Functional teams are simple and easy to establish.  Each person’s performance is easy to evaluate. It works well when the tasks are repetitive and the rules are well known. Traditional supervisor/employee relationships are often organised as a functional team.

Hierarchy Team

In a hierarchy team, the team member’s work in unison. The team requires someone to lead and direct them.  While they work as a team, each employee coordinates his or her part with the rest of the team. They work independently but are tightly coordinated with other team members.  In this team structure, the success of one member depends on the actions of the others.  A hierarchy team has excellent flexibility if used properly. It can move very fast and is very good in situations where a task must be accomplished in a short period of time.

Cross-functional team

Is a group of people with different functional expertise working toward a common goal. It may include people from finance, marketing, operations, and human resources departments. Typically, it includes employees from all levels of an organization. Members may also come from outside an organisation (in particular, from suppliers, key customers, or consultants).

Organic Team

A well functioning organic team is the strongest type of team. It creates synergy – the results produced by the team are greater than the sum produced by each individual team member. Synergy occurs because the team uses the strengths of each member while minimizing the weaknesses of each. However, to be successful, this type of team requires substantial self-discipline.   The organic team is often used in situations where all of the team members know how to carry out the responsibilities of each of the team members. This type of team involves an intimate knowledge of the other team members. Team members who have worked together for a long time often function as an organic team.