December 10, 2018

2.4.3 Continued consumption of food for specific health benefits

  • Consumers look at Food as Medicine, as a way of increasing performance
  • Implications for you?
    • Functional Foods – egg producers developing foods with resulting health benefits (e.g. Enhancing nutritional properties eggs, Omega 3)

Emphasise health credentials of eggsIt is scientifically proven that eating eggs does not increase cardiovascular risk in healthy people. A medium-sized egg contains only 7 g fat, mostly unsaturated (health benefits). Egg cholesterol has no impact on blood cholesterol levels in healthy people. Thus, current dietary recommendations do not limit egg consumption, for its positive effects on health, as part of a varied and balanced diet.

EU Community rules on information on food composition and its advantages for nutrition and health opens exciting possibilities for the promotion of the egg as a healthy food.  Consider the following legislative texts:

Council Directive 90/496/EEC of 24 September 1990 on nutrition labeling of foodstuffs, as amended by Directive 2008/100/EC of the Commission on October 28, 2008:

Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND COUNCILof 20 December 2006 on nutrition and health claims on foods, as amended by Regulation (EU) No 116/2010 OF THE COMMISSION February 9, 2010-

Regulation (EU) No 432/2012 OF THE COMMISSION of 16 May 2012 laying down a list of permitted health claims for foods other than those relating to the reduction of disease risk and the development and the health of children

Let’s see what composition has an egg to develop communication strategies tailored to the legislation and to help consumers in choosing the food as part of a healthy diet.

The egg is / has NATURALLY … (you can add to the remaining statements of nutrients):-

“High in …”: Can be used with any of the following nutrients: protein, vitamin D, vitamin B12, biotin, pantothenic acid and phosphorus.

“Power …”: Can be used with any of the following vitamins and minerals: vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, vitamin B12, biotin, pantothenic acid, phosphorus, iron, zinc and selenium.

“Contains …”: choline, omega-3 fatty acidsAs for health claims, we can include on the packaging of eggs the following information, relating to nutrition we have done previously:

HEALTH CLAIMS APPROVED (Regulation 432/2012)

Biotin:-

Biotin contributes to normalenergy metabolism
Biotin contributes to normal nervous system.
Biotin contributes to normal metabolism of macronutrients.
Biotin contributes to normal psychological function.
Biotin contributes to maintaining the hair under normal conditions.
Biotin helps maintain mucous membranes under normal conditions.
Biotin helps to maintain normal skin

Hill:-

The Hill contributes to the normal metabolism of homocysteine.
The Hill contributes to normal lipid metabolism.

Choline helps maintain normal liver function.

Iron:-

Iron contributes to normal cognitive function.
Iron contributes to energy metabolism normal.
The iron contributes to the normal formation of red blood cells and hemoglobin.- Iron contributes to the normal transport of oxygen in the body.
Iron contributes to normal immune system.
Iron helps to reduce tiredness and fatigue.
The iron contributes to the process of cell division.

Niacin:-

Niacin contributes to normal energy metabolism normal.
Niacin contributes to normal nervous system.
Niacin contributes to normal psychological function.
Niacin helps to keep mucous membranes under normal conditions.
Niacin helps to maintain normal skin.
Niacin helps reduce tiredness and fatigue.

Pantothenic acid:-

Pantothenic acid metabolism contributes to normal energy.
Pantothenic acid synthesis and contributes to the normal metabolism of steroid hormones, vitamin D and some neurotransmitters.
Pantothenic acid helps to reduce tiredness and fatigue.
Pantothenic acid contributes to normal intellectual performance.

Phosphorus:

Phosphorus contributes to normal energy metabolism
Phosphorus contributes to normal cell membranes.
Phosphorus contributes to the maintenance of bone under normal conditions.
Phosphorus contributes to the maintenance of the teeth in normal conditions.

Protein:

The proteins help to increase muscle mass.
Proteins help preserve muscle mass.
Proteins help maintain bone under normal conditions

Riboflavin:-

Riboflavin contributes to energy metabolism normal.
Riboflavin contributes to normal nervous system.
Riboflavin contributes to the maintenance of mucous membranes under normal conditions.
Riboflavin contributes to preservation of red blood cells in normal conditions. Riboflavin helps to maintain normal skin.
Riboflavin helps to maintain normal vision.
Riboflavin contributes to the normal metabolism of iron.
Riboflavin contributes to the protection of cells against oxidative damage. Riboflavin helps reduce tiredness and fatigue.

Selenium:-

Selenium contributes to normal spermatogenesis.
Selenium helps to maintain hair in normal conditions.
Selenium helps to maintain normal nails.
Selenium contributes to normal immune system.
Selenium helps normal thyroid function.
Selenium helps protect the cells against oxidative damage.

Vitamin A:-

Vitamin A contributes to the normal iron metabolism.
Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of mucous membranes under normal conditions.
Vitamin A helps to maintain normal skin.
Vitamin A helps maintain normal vision.
Vitamin A contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system.
Vitamin A contributes to the process of cell differentiation.

Vitamin B12:-

Vitamin B12 contributes to energy metabolism normal.
Vitamin B12 helps the normal functioning of the nervous system.
Vitamin B12 contributes to the normal metabolism of homocysteine.
Vitamin B12 contributes to the normal psychological function.
Vitamin B12 contributes to the normal formation of red blood cells.
Vitamin B12 helps the normal functioning of the immune system.
Vitamin B12 helps reduce tiredness and fatigue.
Vitamin B12 aids in the process of cell division.

Vitamin D:-

Vitamin D helps the absorption and normal use of calcium and phosphorus.
Vitamin D helps maintain normal levels of blood calcium.
Vitamin D helps maintain bone under normal conditions.
Vitamin D contributes to normal operation of the muscles.
Vitamin D contributes to the maintenance of the teeth in normal conditions. Vitamin D contributes to normal immune system.
Vitamin D helps the process of cell division.

Vitamin E:-

Vitamin E contributes to the protection of cells against oxidative damage

Zinc:-

Zinc contributes to acid-base balance normal.
Zinc contributes to the normal metabolism of carbohydrates.
Zinc contributes to normal cognitive function.
Zinc contributes to the normal DNA synthesis.
Zinc contributes to normal fertility and reproduction.
Zinc contributes to the normal metabolism of macronutrients.
Zinc contributes to the normal metabolism of fatty acids.
Zinc contributes to the normal metabolism of vitamin A.
Zinc protein synthesis contributes to normal.
Zinc helps maintain bone under normal conditions.
Zinc contributes to maintaining the hair under normal conditions.
Zinc helps maintain normal nails.
Zinc helps to maintain normal skin.
Zinc helps maintain normal levels of testosterone.
Zinc helps maintain normal vision
Zinc contributes to normal immune system.
Zinc helps protect the cells against oxidative damage
Zinc contributes to the process of cell division.

This list can be updated with the latest declarations adopted by the European Union.   http://ec.europa.eu/nuhclaims/?event=search&CFID=89411&CFTOKEN=5eae29b624fecf3e-94214BD5-F41A-DE3F-F30E382FE9870AAB&jsessionid=9312b559449120dd75d454794c5526649244TR#

The average composition of hen’s egg according sources are indicated in the following table

Hen whole egg

Composition per 100 g edible portion (Edible Portion: 87% of the total weight of the egg-shell)

Water (g) 76.9

Energy
(kcal) 141
(KJ) 593

Protein (g) 12.7

Carbohydrates (g) 0.68

Simple sugars (g) 0.68

Fat (g) 9.7
AGS (g) 2.8
AGM (g) 3.6
AGP (g) 1.6
Cholesterol (mg) 410
C18: 1 Oleic acid (g) 3.4
C18: 2  Linoleic acid (g) 1.34
C18: 3 Linolenic acid (g) 0.04
Trans fatty acids (mg) 0.032
EPA (mg) 7
DHA (mg) 60
Total omega-3 (mg) 101

Vitamins

Thiamine (mg) 0.11
Riboflavin (mg) 0.37
Niacin equivalents (mg) 3.3
Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.12
Eq, dietary folate (g) 51.2
Vitamin B12 (mcg) 2.1
Vitamin C (mg) 0
Pantothenic acid (mg) 1.8
Vitamin A (Retinol Eq.) (g) 227
Vitamin D (mcg) 1.8
Vitamin E (Eq. α-tocopherol) (mg) 1.9
Vitamin K (mcg) 8.9
Biotin (mcg) 20

Minerals
Calcium (mg) 56.2
Phosphorus (mg) 216
Iron (mg) 2.2
Iodine (g) 12.7
Zinc (mg) 2
Magnesium (mg) 12.1
Sodium (mg) 144
Potassium (mg) 147
Copper (mg) 0.014
Selenium (mcg) 10
Fluoride (mg) 0.11
Manganese (mg)   0.071
Chromium (g) 2.5

Other substances

Choline (mg) 250
Lutein + zeaxanthin (mcg) 331
Amino
Alanine (mg) 755
Arginine (mg) 755
Aspartic acid (mg) 1239
Cystine (mg) 236
Glutamic acid (mg) 1536
Glycine (mg) 450
Histidine (mg) 280
Isoleucine (mg) 789
Leucine (mg) 1069
Lysine (mg) 755
Methionine (mg) 382
Phenylalanine (mg) 679
Proline (mg) 500
Serine (mg) 976
Threonine (mg) 602
Tryptophan (mg) 195
Tyrosine (mg) 501
Valine (mg) 950