December 16, 2018

5.5.2 Environmental Management

It is necessary to provide an adequate and reliable source of suitable quality  water for drinking, cooling, cleaning and other ancillary requirements.  In compliance with government guidelines design and management are critical in protecting water resources against the entry of nutrients, organic matter, pathogens and salts from the organic by-products of egg facilities.  This can involve:

  • Maintaining or rehabilitating vegetative land cover, particularly riparian vegetation, reduces the movement of contaminants and eroded soil into surface waters.
  • Providing buffer distances as required
  • Locating any sheds containing birds, grading floors, processing facilities, manure and spent litter stockpiles and effluent ponds above any flood lines
  • Considering any possible future expansions of the operation when selecting a site to ensure that it will be possible to provide sufficient buffers in the future.

The main potential sources of surface water contamination are effluent, waste storage sites and areas where organic by-products are spread. Elevated organic matter levels in water reduce oxygen levels, affecting fish and other aquatic life. Hence, runoff from any nutrient rich sources should either be avoided or contained.